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Details of Lakshmipur District

Background, Geographic Area and Location: Laxmipur was originally a sub-division of former Noakhali district. It was up-graded to a district in 1983. Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the district name. One Lakshmi Narayan Roy, a descendant of Raja Gour Krishna Roy, became very influential in the locality now constritutes the district. It is believed that, the name of the district has been derived from the name of that man.

The district is bounded on the north by Chandpur district, on the east by Noakhali district, on the south by Bhola district and on the west by Barisal and Bhola districts. It lies between 22°30' and 23°10' north latitude and between 90°38' and 90°01' east longitudes.The total area of the district is 1,440.39 sq.km (556.00 sq.miles) of which 202.34 sq.km is under forest.

Temperature and Rainfall: Annual average temperature -maximum temperature 34.3°C, minimum 14.4°C and rainfall 3302 mm.

Main Rivers: The Meghna, DAKATIA, Katakhali, Rahmatkhali and Bhulua.

Laxmipur (Town) stands on the bank of the Rahmatkhali. Laxmipur municipality was constituted in 1976. The area of the town is 16.88 sq km.

Administration: Laxmipur Thana was established under Noakhali district in 1860. Laxmipur was transformed into subdivision in 1979 and was elevated to a district in 1984. The district consists of 5 upazilas, 58 unions, 447 mauzas, 539 villages, 4 paurashavas, 39 wards and 69 mahallas. The upazilas are Komolnagar, Laxmipur Sadar, RaipurRamganj and Ramgati.

Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Tita Khan Jami Mosque, Mita Khan Mosque, Majupur Matka Mosque, Madhu Banu Mosque, Dayem Shah Mosque, Abdullahpur Jami Mosque, Sahapur Neel-kuthi, Sahapur Saheb-bari, Zamindar house at Dalal Bazar, Srigovinda Mahaprabhu Jeu Akhra, Dalal Bazar Math, Khoa-sagor dighi, Oidara Dighi, Kamala Sundari Dighi, Jinn's Mosque at village Kerwa in Raipur, Bara Mosque, Rani Bhabani Kamada Math of Ramgati, Sreerampur Rajbari in Ramganj, Shyampur Dayra Sharif, Kachua Dargah, Harishchar Dargah, Kanchanpur Dargah.

Historical Events: Laxmipur district area had been a part of the kingdom of Bhulua at the beginning of the thirteenth century. Laxmipur is said to have been a military outpost during the Mughal and Company period. From the sixteenth to the nineteenth century this area used to produce huge quantity of salt and exported them outside. It was on the issue of salt production that the Salt Movement occurred in this area. The inhabitants of this district had important role in the INDIGO RESISTANCE MOVEMENT, Sannyasi uprising, SWADESHI MOVEMENT and Debt Arbitration Movement. During the Swadeshi Movement Mahatma Gandhi travelled through the district and often stayed at Kafilatali Akhra and at Sreerampur Rajbari in Ramganj. The rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam visited Laxmipur town in June 1926. On this occasion a silver plate and a silver cup were presented to the poet on behalf of the residents of the town. During the war of liberation in 1971 seventeen battles were fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak occupation army.

Marks of War of Liberation: Memorial monument 3, Mass grave 2, mass killing site 1.

Main Crops: Paddy, wheat, mustard, jute, chilli, potato, pulse, maize, soybean, ground nut, sugarcane. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, kaun, linseed, joar, pea, khesari, leguminous pulse, barley, arahar, gram, tobacco.

Main Fruits: Mango, jackfruit, banana, black berry, papaya, guava, palm, lemon, coconut, betel nut, apple, sharifa, amra.

Traditional Transport: Palanquin (extinct), kosh and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.