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Details of Chandpur District

Background: Chandpur district was formerly a sub-division of Comilla district. It got shape as a separate district on the 15thFebruary, 1984. There are different views about the origin of the district name. There is a popular view that the district name has been derived from the name Chand Roy who was an influential Zamindar of Vikrampur. According to another opinion, the district has originated its name from the name Chand Faquir, a pious man of the locality.

Geographic Area and Location: The district is surrounded on the north by Munshiganj and Comilla districts, on the east by Comilla district, on the south by Lakshmipur and Barisal districts and on the west by Munshiganj and Shariatpur districts. It lies between 23 º 00´ and 23 º 30´ north latitude and between 90º32´ and 91º02´ east longitudes. The total area of the district is 1,645.32 sq .km (635.00 sq.miles).

River System: The Meghna and the Padma is near the Chandpur town and take a vast expanse. Main tributaries of the Meghna are Dakatia, Dhanagada, Matlab and Udhamdi are covered this district. River erosion is a common feature in this district.

Temperature and Rainfall: Annual average temperature varies from maximum 34.3°C to minimum 12.7°C and annual rainfall is 2551 mm.

Administration: Chandpur sub-division was established in 1878. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 8 upazilas, 88 unions, 927 mauzas, 1230 villages, 7 paurashavas, 72 wards and 268 mahallas. The upazilas are Chandpur Sadar, Faridganj, Haimchar, Haziganj, Kachua, Matlab (Dakshin), Matlab (Uttar), and Shahrasti.

Twonship: Chandpur Town stands on the bank of the River Meghna. Its area is 7.77 sq km. Chandpur Municipality was established in 1897. During the first part of the twentieth century some European and Indian business firms established several jute mills here. But with the partition of Indian sub continent in 1947 most of these business establishments were closed. This port was an important centre for jute and grain trades.At present many other trades on ship building, salt refinery, fishing net making and oil production are running on this port. However, some parts of the town have submerged into riverbed due to erosion and the Puran (old) Bazar is now under threat of river erosion.

Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Among the archaeological heritages and relics, Rasti Shah Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Suja Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kalimandir at Matlab, Math at Lohagara, Math at Naorai, Math at Tultuli (Kachua), Raths at Sachar and Matlab, Pata of Behula at Ujani, ramnants of the fort at Nasir Court, Kali Bari at Meher, Neelkuthi at Shahebganj, Baraduara at Kasimbazar and Kalibari Mandir (1878) at Chandpur Sadar are notable.

Marks of War of Liberation: Famous marks of war of liberation are Memorial monument "Aungikar", Amra tomader bhulbana (we shall never forget you) at Faridganj, "Dipta Bangladesh" at Matlab and Chandrakandi memorial monument (Sadullahpur, Matlab). Mass killing sites are Raghunathpur Bazar (Hajiganj) Hamidia Jute Mils Compound, North and South Ray Sree.Mentionable mass grave is Nasircourt (Hajiganj).

Main Crops: Paddy, jute, mustard seed, supari (nut), wheat, potato and sugarcane are main crops of this district.

Main Fruits: Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava are main fruits of this district

Traditional Transport: Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart were the traditional transports in the rural areas of Chandpur district, which are either extinct or nearly extinct. Now-a-days, all the upazilas are connected with the district headquarters with metalled roads. Bus, minibus, three wheelers ply over the district.

Economic Situation: The econmy of Chandpur is predominantly agricultural. Out of total 461,192 holdings of the district, 58.63% holdings are farms that produce varieties of crops namely local and HYV rice, wheat, vegetables, cash crops, spices, pulses and others. Fish of different varieties are abundant in this district. More varieties of fish are caught from river, channels and creeks and paddy fields during rainy season. Hilsha, a popular fish of the country, is abundantly available in the district. Catching fish is an important source of income to the fishermen of this district.